The intended purpose of this project is to decrease the rates of childhood obesity by decreasing BMI by 5-10% through education of dietary intake and increase physical activities. The intervention will use interviews, and an approach using Evidence-Based Practice (EBP). Using these interventions will effectively show professionals in the healthcare arena current understanding of what factors contribute to childhood obesity, and what interventions can be used.
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To change practice through intervention is important. Educational intervention in a primary care setting will be implemented for this project. Facts will be collected using quantitative and qualitative data. Interviews done with patients will be used as qualitative data which will include assessing, evaluating, and collecting data of dietary intake, physical activities, and BMI. Quantitative data will be retrieved by gathering Evidenced Based studies, which will have identified a decrease in childhood BMI through dietary intake, and an increase in physical activities.
Determining the current rate of childhood obesity will provide evidence that will support the quantitative part of the study. This will also provide comparison rates of childhood obesity after implementation of the project. Data will also be collected from stakeholder’s input.
The factors that influence the proposed interventions are the high rates of childhood obesity. Childhood obesity contributes to hypertension, diabetes, asthma, joint, and muscle problems, and fatty liver disease. Childhood obesity is also related to depression, bullying in school, and low self-esteem. Children who are overweight are prone to obesity. Children with obesity will also have a future risk of having adult obesity that will carry a high risk of serious medical conditions (CDC, 2016).
The barriers that are foreseen to the proposed interventions are communication, time, money, and lack of participation from patients. In the primary care setting, staff may not have the time to help with the collection of data and plan for the next step to ensure the intervention is a success. The providers may have difficulties addressing childhood obesity because, “denial, defensiveness, and excuses were common reactions among parents, especially if the parents themselves were overweight” (Peek, 2016).
Resources that will be used for the interventions will consist of communications between all stakeholders which includes administrators, physician, researcher, clinic/nursing staff, and the patients. Data will be collected from interviews, education materials, screening tools will also be used as resources needed for the success of the project.
To effectively monitor, track, and have ongoing reviews on the HPM part of the project, interviews with the participants will be ongoing, and collected as data. HPM and Evidence-Based Practice will be implemented and performed with the interviews.
After initiation of the pre-planning phase for how the HPM will be carried out by staff members in the clinic. The research project will display an Evidence-Based Protocol that will take from current information and literature.
Upon receiving a green light from administration, the Evidence-Based Protocol will be carried out and implemented. Education materials will be provided, power-point slides will be presented in conferences showing results of the project interventions.
Clinic staff will have certain task and responsibilities from the beginning to the end of the intervention. The research study will perform a sequence of interviews with patients, evaluating dietary intake, physical activities, and BMI. Providers and administration will aid in conferences that will be conducted in educating parents and patients.
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To progress with successful intervention, possible barriers have to be addressed. To attain this, strategies have to be deployed and implemented. Staff in the clinic will need the time and allocated resources to carry out their part of the interventions. They will need continuing education on current Evidence-Based Practices to be able to know and give best practice on the prevention of childhood obesity.
The time allotted for this project is about 20 participants needed. It will take approximately 8 weeks to get participants qualified, interviewed, and consented. Another 16 weeks to carry out the whole project if all barriers can be addressed.
The expected outcomes for the intervention will be reducing BMI in childhood obesity with dietary intake, and increase physical activities. The goal is to demonstrate that educating parents/patients starting in the primary care setting can contribute to the reduction of childhood obesity.
- Overweight & Obesity. (2016). Retrieved from https://www.cdc.gov/obesity/data/childhood.html
- Peek, L. A. (2016). Interventions in childhood obesity. Clinical Advisor, 19(11). 30-45. Retrieved from http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=ccm&AN=119121369&site=ehost-live
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