Type 2 Diabetes is an example of a metabolic disorder. This disease is caused by high blood sugar and a relative lack of insulin substances in the body system of an individual. This paper provides an analysis of the development of type 2 diabetes in United States, and compares it, to the development of this medical condition in developing countries. Furthermore, this paper gives a comparison of the rates of the development of type 2 diabetes, with that of the state of Texas. This paper would also analyze the costs of treating T2D in the state of Texas. It also identifies five steps that can be used for purposes of addressing the psychosocial proliferation of type 2 diabetes. This paper also identifies six suggestions that can be used to address T2D, and provide a recommendation of one, which is the most important. This paper takes a stand that type 2 diabetes is manageable and preventable.
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Type 2 diabetes is the most prevalent diabetes illness in the United States, accounting for 90% of all reported cases. In the United States, approximately 29.1 million people are suffering from T2D, and 8.1 million of them are not aware of this condition, or they are undiagnosed. In adults, people who are more than 20 years old, one out of every 10 people are suffering from diabetes (Thomas, 2013). While people who are over 65 years old, one out of every four people are suffering from diabetes. In the year 2012, 1.7 million people were reportedly diagnosed by T2D diabetes in the United States, and the trend is on the increase.
Lifestyle conditions are some of the methods that have the capability of causing an increase in diabetes, amongst the people living in United States. However, these can be eliminated with effort and time. As of the year 2012, diagnosis of diabetes was able to cost United States an approximate figure of about 245 billion dollars, and this figure is on the increase (Thomas, 2013). This is mainly because there is a yearly increase in the number of people who are diagnosed by diabetes type 2. Thomas (2013) explains that men are very vulnerable in developing diabetes type 2. However, excess weight, physical inactivity, age, poor diet and family history play a significant role in the development of diabetes type 2.
This is in the United States. In supporting these facts, Thomas (2013) provides an examination of the fasting glucose level in the United States. In the results of this study, 35% of the adults found in United States were considered to be pre-diabetic. These are people who were over 20 years old. Furthermore, 50% of the people who are more than 65 years old are pre-diabetic. By looking at these statistics, it is possible to denote that age plays an important role in determining whether an individual would become diabetic or not. This is because the rate of suffering from diabetes increases when an individual gets older.
However, it is important to explain that the number of children diagnosed for diabetes type 2 is on the increase. An explanation to this is the rise of overweight children in United States, because of the easy accessibility of unhealthy food substances. The reason why men are vulnerable to T2D is based on their lifestyle, as opposed to their gender differences. In providing a statistics on the development and prevalence of diabetes type 2 in United States, Thomas (2013) explains that children who are less than 10 years old, their rate of acquiring type 2 diabetes was 0.8 for every 100,000 people. This is between 2008, to 2014. Furthermore, amongst young people, who are between ages 10 to 19 years, their rate of new infections stood at 11 cases, for every 100,000 people.
This is an indication that age plays an important role in making an individual to be vulnerable to type 2 diabetes. In as much as genetics, age and lifestyle factors play a role in making an individual to acquire type 2 diabetes, ethnicity and racial groups also have a high prevalence rate of type 2 diabetes in United States (Thomas, 2013). T2D is common amongst African Americans, Asian Americans, Hispanics, and Native Americans, when compared to the Caucasians. The non-Hispanic blacks are people who are most vulnerable to T2D, and their rate stands at 13.2% riskier, when compared to Caucasians, or non-Hispanic white. The Hispanics have a rate of 12.8%, when compared to the Caucasians, while the Asian Americans are vulnerable by 9% (Thomas, 2013).
However, the people who are highly vulnerable to T2D are the American Indians, with one out of every three people, being diagnosed with T2D. Thomas (2013) explains that this is the highest case of vulnerability in the world. In Texas, T2D affects 13% of the entire population. This figure stands at 1.8 million people. Furthermore, the estimated number of people who are undiagnosed for T2D is 440,468 people. At the Bexar County, found in Texas, the number of people who were found to be with T2D was 137,009 people. In regard to race and ethnicity, the prevalence rate amongst the American Indians was 15.9% (Thomas, 2013). This was the highest in terms of ethnic or racial groups. The rate of prevalence amongst the non-Hispanic blacks was 13.2%, while that of the Hispanics stood at 12.8%. The treatment of diabetes in Texas is cheap, and this is because it is widely covered under Medicaid program.
This means that the government and the patient would share on the costs of treating the disease. These costs could range from hundreds of dollars, to thousands of it, depending on the stage in which an individual suffering from T2D diabetes is on. These figures are the same, when compared to the rates of T2D diabetes in the United States. In the developing countries, the prevalence of T2D is very high. Barnett (2011) explains that in every five people, one is diagnosed with T2D the developing countries. Some of the reasons identified for the high rate of T2D diabetes in developing countries is based on the fact that people are poor, and they are unable to afford high quality and nutritious foods, and proper medical services.
People suffering from T2D normally pass through a series of psychosocial problems, and these include depression, anxiety, withdrawal from people, etc. For purposes of changing the behavior of these people, there is a need of following these steps (Thomas, 2013),
- Construction of the definition problem.
- Setting of a collaborative goal.
- Collaborating to solve the problem.
- Contracting changes
- Continuing support.
The first step involves the identification of the problems suffered by the patient. It is difficult to come up with a psychosocial approach, without having knowledge on the problems that they suffer (Barnett, 2011). The second stage involves creating a common goal, that needs to be pursued for purposes of helping a patient, and the third stage is collaborating with each other, for purposes of coming up with a solution of helping the patient overcome his or her psychosocial problems.
In solving the problems, changes must occur; therefore the fourth step involves analysis of those changes, for purposes of identifying if they are effective in helping the patient. The fifth step is a follow up, which involves visiting the patients for purposes of determining whether they are able to overcome their psychosocial problems. For purposes of addressing T2D in my previous environment, there is a need of following the following steps (Shallenberger, 2006),
- Identification of the causes of T2D.
- Educating people on the causes and impacts of T2D.
- Encouraging the medical screening of employees
- Offering counseling sessions to anyone suffering from T2D.
- Prevention of food substances that can make it riskier for employees to acquire T2D.
- Offering to treat anybody suffering from T2D, and this should be a motivational policy.
Of these steps, the best step in addressing issues touching on T2D is the identification of its causes. This is because it would make people to be careful and avoid living a lifestyle that can make them vulnerable in the acquisition of this type of disease.
In conclusion, with proper policies and strategies, it is possible to manage T2D. All that is needed is to educate the people on the dangers of this disease, and its causes. Once this is done, there is a need of encouraging the people to stop the behaviors that could lead to the emergence of this problem.
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Barnett, A. H. (2011). Type 2 diabetes. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
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Thomas, M. (2013). Understanding type 2 diabetes: Fewer highs fewer lows better health.
Wollombi, N.S.W: Exisle Publishing.
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Shallenberger, F. (2006). The Type 2 diabetes breakthrough: A revolutionary approach to
treating Type 2 diabetes. Laguna Beach, CA: Basic Health Publications.
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