What is antibiotic resistance and how can it be prevented?
Antibiotic resistance (ABR) occurs when a bacterium evolves to develop immunity to the antibiotics designed to destroy it. This can occur in one of three ways; ‘natural or innate resistance’, which occurs in bacteria as a result of the functional and structural characteristics of the species, as the result of a ‘genetic mutation’, through mutation of normal cellular genes, the acquisition of foreign resistance genes, or through a combination of the two forms, or through ‘acquired’ resistance, gained from another species of bacteria which are already immune to the antibiotic. Through these means, and the use of antibiotics, resistant strains of the bacteria causing infection become more prevalent as those which have not gained immunity are killed off leaving only the strains resistant to the antibiotic to thrive. Antibiotic resistance is a global healthcare concern, as it could lead to major problems treating even the most basic of infections. In order to prevent antibiotic resistance, it is important that all healthcare practitioners prescribe antibiotics with caution and only when absolutely necessary.
Cite This Work
To export a reference to this article please select a referencing stye below:
Related ServicesView all
Related ContentAll Tags
Content relating to: "infection"
Infection occurs when an infectious agent multiplies within the body tissues causing adverse affects. When an individual has an infection, micro-organisms enter the body through a susceptible host, meaning that the infection will manifest within the body.
Lack Of Hand Washing Contributes Infection Nursing Essay
Aim of hand hygiene is to remove micro-organisms carried on the skin and any break in the skin can harbor bacteria and may be a cross infection risk to patients. Correctly apply hand washing enough to...
Principles Of Infection Prevention And Control Catheter Associated Nursing Essay
The evaluation and focus on the infection control among the hospitals has been under the monitoring of many Health Organizations and government. The issue on the infection prevention and control usual...