Preconceived Ideas Regarding Patients in Poverty
At the point when a discussion about being "poor" or living in neediness, more than not there are assumptions of how that individual got to that point in their lives. These assumptions are typically self-restricting explanations behind their present status, for instance, drug use or absence of education. These self-constraining generalizations are additionally found in the healthcare setting whether we are cognizant or not, are influencing the way nursing and healthcare providers design their consideration. “Nurses who are able to empathize were inclined to provide information on available resources, collaborate with, and make referrals to community agencies or social services” (Yang & Ratliff, 2014)). To change these inclination thoughts on poverty, health care must look at theories that explain poverty through each individual case, social structuralism, the cultural of poverty, and fatalism. The author will clarify these speculations just as different ideas that will give a knowledge into the reasons and impacts this specific culture has on healthcare system and nursing.
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Understanding the situation of neediness will help to improved correspondence and connections between human services suppliers and patients living in destitution. Understanding the battles and history of somebody in destitution can prompt the healthcare plan to be explicit for that person. “Empathy is based upon the ability to understand other's joys and sorrows and often derives from personal experience; it is one of the attributes that develop a sense of cultural competency” (Yang & Ratliff, 2014). Dr. Seccombe talked about in her article why in truth is it hard for many individuals to discover the fundamentals for survival, for instance, apparel, nourishment, and a spot to call home. The main hypothesis talked about was Individualism, which can be essentially expressed that every individual is their own and can pick how they will succeed or bomb dependent on their own understanding and assurance. This idea is significant in such a case that individuals in destitution feel like they will always be unable to defeat their circumstance, this hypothesis expresses that these contemplations and activities will decide the result. A subsequent hypothesis talked about is social structuralism, which it sees social structures just as monetary patterns. These monetary patterns help to demonstrate the expansion of lower paying occupations, just as the high rate of moving organizations from littler zones to bigger territories, this thus making it hard for individuals to land to these positions. Another basic part of social structure is sexual orientation. Ladies generally and presently being paid not exactly as their male partners while they are similarly qualified, if not increasingly qualified for a specific position. This unevenness of intensity and pay can and does play a continued role with job in our society, an example would be a single parent who keeps on observing a male worker move in the organization and furthermore getting paid not as much as her male partners.
The way of life of poverty theories consolidates the recently talked about speculations and starts a trend that individuals in poverty have really settled their own sort of subculture, where their convictions, hardworking attitude, family structure, and qualities are that not quite the same as the way of life they either experienced in childhood or are attempting to maintain a strategic distance from. Social avoidance unavoidably moves this subculture away from their way of life they have experienced their whole lives. These societies are tolerating the reality of where they are in the public arena and feel regardless of the amount they work or how hard they attempt they are stuck in that role of society. This shame will characterize some portion of this culture. This is can be alarming for who and what is to come. As kids grow up, they gain from the models and estimations of their family, making a self-deciding cycle for who and what is to come. Tiaki (2017) clarifies that of the twenty one percent of kids living in destitution, of those around sixty five percent will proceed with this pattern as a grown-up. The more drawn out this cycle proceeds, family data, and history may perhaps be lost because of the absence of education and the family dynamic. This can render family medical history hard to attain. A last hypothesis talked about is fatalism, this is the tossing out their own basic leadership alongside social segments and spotlights on destiny and uncontrolled human characteristics that make specific individuals powerless to change these conditions, similar to constrained knowledge, unexpected wellbeing conditions, or horrible life occasions. As indicated by Ferreira and Sanchez (2012) medical attendants can survey the instructive learning limit of these patients and modify teaching results as needed.
Generalizations and assumptions of individuals living in poverty assume a role by the way they are seen and care for in a healthcare setting. Regardless of whether these ideas are unconscious or not, these thoughts can be tended to with appropriate training and understanding. To break these inclination thoughts on poverty, one must take a gander at speculations that clarify vagrancy through Individualism, social structuralism, the social of destitution, and capitulation to the inevitable.” Gaining knowledge about attitudes towards and the factors influencing those attitudes, for example, education, are important in helping combat the disparities associated with poverty.” (James Wittenauer, 2015)
- Sanchez, O., & Ferreira, A. (2012). Social support for families of patients with cancer living in poverty. Texto and Contexto Enfermagem, 21(4), 792-799.
- Tiaki, K. (2017). Why does child poverty matter? New Zealand Journal of Nursing, 23(8), 17-22.
- Wittenauer, J., Ludwick, R., Baughman, K. and Fishbein, R. (2015), Surveying the hidden attitudes of hospital nurses towards poverty. J Clin Nurs, 24: 2184-2191. doi:10.1111/jocn.12794
- Yang, K., & Ratliff, G. (2014). Relate better and judge less: Poverty simulation promoting culturally competent care in community health nursing. Nurse Education in Practice, 14(6), 680-685.
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